Kiney Stone Symptoms & Causes

Kidney stones or urolithiasis is a condition when a hard material that resembles a stone formed in the kidney. Kidney stones are formed from crystals formed by chemicals that separate from the urine that accumulate in the kidneys. Kidney stones are known as one of the most painful diseases. Basically, the symptoms of kidney stones in women similar to the symptoms that occur in men.

In most cases, kidney stone disease experienced by people aged 30-60 years. An estimated 10 percent of women and 15 percent of men have experienced this condition during their lifetime. Sedimentary rocks in the kidneys, can be caused by food or other underlying health problems. Based on the type, kidney stones are divided into four, namely calcium stones, uric acid stones, struvite stones and cystine stones.

Kidney stone symptoms

Symptoms of kidney stones will not be felt if the stone size is relatively small and can get out of the urinary tract along with the flow of urine. Symptoms can only be felt when the stones stuck in the kidney stone that has a size too big pass through the ureter, or kidney stones cause infection.

The ureter is a tube that connects the kidney to the bladder. This organ shape resembles a tube with sensitive tissue structures. When a large kidney stones pass through the ureter, the stone will rub against the wall of the ureter, causing irritation and risking injury. This is why sometimes urine may contain blood. If the stone is large enough, a stone may become lodged in the ureter, interrupting the flow of urine from the kidneys.

Symptoms of kidney stones is the most common persistent pain in the side of the abdomen, lower back, hips, groin, or even testes (in men). In addition, other kidney stones symptoms that may be experienced are:

  • The increased frequency of urination and pain during urination.
  • The color of urine looks cloudy and smell bad. Turbid color like brown or reddish in the urine can be caused by the bleeding when kidney stones pass through the urinary tract.
  • Can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
  • Restlessness.
  • It's hard to rest because it's hard finding the right position to do so.
Kidney stone lodged in the ureter and make the flow of urine is not smooth, it can cause a buildup of dirt. This dirt buildup can cause the proliferation of bacteria which can eventually lead to kidney infection. If kidney infection has occurred, then the symptoms that can be experienced by patients are fever, body feels weak, the body feels cold even chills, urine looks cloudy and smell bad, and diarrhea.

Kidney stone causes

The formation of kidney stones as a result of the urine with high concentrations of certain chemicals (such as calcium, oxalate, phosphate, uric acid and others) and low concentration of a substance that stops the formation of stones (urinary inhibitors such as citrate and magnesium). Urinary tract infections, kidney disorders such as cystic kidney diseases, and certain metabolic disorders are also associated with the formation of kidney stones. Calcium oxalate stones may also form in people with chronic bowel inflammation or have undergone intestinal bypass operation, or ostomy surgery (opening made in the skin as a way for waste products leave the body).

Each day, the kidneys clean the blood by filtering waste substances contained in them naturally to the next disposed in the form of urine. Sometimes these substances levels are too many compared to the liquid that serves as a solvent that can not be completely wasted by the body and settles in the kidneys. Other factors are, kidney shortage of material which has the function of preventing the deposition of crystals agglomerate to form stones.

Sedimentary rocks in the kidneys, can be caused by food or other underlying health problems. Based on its constituent materials, kidney stones can be divided into four main types, namely calcium stones, uric acid stones, stone ammonia (struvite), and cystine stones.

Calcium stones caused by high calcium levels in the urine. This type of kidney stones is the most common. High levels of calcium can be caused by a hereditary disease hypercalciuria. This condition causes the sufferer to release a lot of calcium in the urine. High levels of calcium, can also be caused by an overactive parathyroid gland. Hormones produced by these glands function to regulate the amount of calcium in the blood.

The second is uric acid stones. These stones are formed due to high levels of uric acid in the urine, caused by foods high in purines. Examples of foods that trigger high uric acid are shellfish, meat and fish. Gout disease patients are also at high risk of forming stones of this type.

The third is struvite stones. This is a type of kidney stones can form and swell rapidly. The main cause struvite stone formation is a urinary tract infection that has lasted a long time. This rock type is more common in female patients than male patients.

The fourth is cystine stones. Kidney stones are formed due to the excessive number of amino acid cystine that is removed by the kidneys. Cystine stones is a type of kidney stone that is extremely rare. This condition is caused by a disease known as cystinuria. This disease affects the amount of the amino acid cystine in the urine issued.

In addition to dietary factors and underlying health conditions, there are several other factors that can lead to kidney stones, among which are:
  • Lack of drinking water
  • Family medical history
  • obese
  • Taking drugs such as diuretics, aspirin, antibiotics, antacids, and some antiepileptic drugs and antiretroviral
  • The side effects of surgery on the digestive organs
If you've ever suffered from kidney stones, then you have the opportunity to re-exposed to the same conditions. Here are the factors triggering the recurrence of kidney stones.
  • Too many foods that contain too little protein and fibrous foods.
  • Only have one kidney still functioning.
  • Have experienced multiple infections associated with kidney or urinary system.
  • Having a family history of kidney stone disease.
  • Had undergone surgery on the digestive system.
  • Routine taking supplements containing calcium.
  • Taking drugs aspirin, antibiotics certain groups, antacids, diuretics, antiepileptic drugs, and drugs for HIV.

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Writen by: Mr Soed - Monday, February 27, 2017