Peanut Allergy Symptoms And How To Cure

As with egg allergy, peanut allergy usually occurs in children, but the type of allergy is the most frequent cause of acute allergic attack. For some people who experience this allergy, exposed a few peanuts can lead to the emergence of a serious reaction. Peanuts are actually not true nuts, but legumes (in the same family as peas and lentils). But the proteins in peanuts are similar to the existing structure in tree nuts. For this reason, people who are allergic to peanuts can also be allergic to tree nuts, such as almonds, Brazil nuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, macadamias, pistachios, pecans, and cashews.

In the worst case, a peanut allergy can cause anaphylaxis, a sudden reaction to potentially life-threatening, in addition to the symptoms mentioned above. Anaphylaxis can make the airways swell and blood pressure drop. As a result, a person may have difficulty breathing and may make the person lose consciousness Allergic reactions can be very severe, even if the person only consumes little pea protein. Experts believe, this is most likely because the immune system is easier to recognize peanut proteins, rather than other food proteins.

Although a small amount of peanut protein can trigger a severe reaction, it is rare to hit an allergic reaction just from breathing small particles of peanuts or tree nuts. And the smell of foods containing peanuts will not produce a reaction because the scent does not contain protein. In some cases when people react to airborne particles, usually in an enclosed area (like a restaurant) where lots of peanuts are being cracked from skin. Although some people cope with certain food allergies over time (such as milk allergy, egg, soy, and wheat), peanut allergy is a lifelong allergy to most people.

Peanut allergy symptoms

The symptoms of peanut allergy can vary from each person to another. An allergic reaction occurs when the immune system reacts negatively to the allergens contained in foods, drugs, insect venom, and so on. Sometimes a person is also allergic to various foods such as milk, eggs, peanuts, soy, shellfish, etc. Certain proteins found in these foods have side effects that are triggered by the immune system, one identified as a substance that is harmful to the body. To protect the body, the body's immune system produces immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. The task of these antibodies cause the release of certain chemicals such as histamine which eventually causes allergy symptoms. The nature and severity of allergic reactions can vary from individual to another individual. However, one can show different symptoms at different times.

Here are the signs and symptoms of peanut allergy: 
  1. Skin reactions: A person who has peanut allergies will experience itching, red rash, eczema, or swelling, and experience redness around the mouth and face after eating peanuts. Skin reactions are one of the most common symptoms. Antihistamines can be helpful in treating mild skin reactions, such as hives.
  2. Gastrointestinal reactions: Peanut allergy can also cause digestive problems. People with peanut allergies may experience cramping, bloating, vomiting and / or diarrhea after eating peanuts. 
  3. Respiratory problems: Breathing problems can range from mild to severe. Mild respiratory distress include runny and stuffy nose, watery and itchy eyes, and sneezing. More severe respiratory symptoms would include coughing and wheezing or shortness of breath. Peanut allergies can also trigger asthma attacks.
  4. Anaphylaxis: Anaphylaxis is an allergic reaction to peanuts the most severe and can be life-threatening. Anaphylactic shock can cause swelling of the mouth, lips and throat as well as a decrease in blood pressure resulting in difficulty in breathing and loss of consciousness. If these symptoms occur, immediately contact your health care provider. The doctor may prescribe epinephrine to reduce complaints.

How to cure peanut allergy

There is currently no cure for peanut allergies. The best way to prevent allergies is to avoid peanuts altogether. Some people have allergies while eating peanuts, but others will show an allergic reaction just by eating products containing peanuts. Read food labels to avoid in order to secure the content of peanut allergy symptoms.
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Writen by: Mr Soed - Friday, November 7, 2014