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Biotin Deficiency And Various Health Problems For It's Impacts

Biotin or vitamin B7, has a very large role in biochemical reactions in the body, such as the transfer of carbon dioxide and the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats. Unlike most other vitamins, biotin is one type of vitamin that is quite stable in various environmental conditions, such as heat, exposure to sunlight, and oxygen. Biotin deficiency is one type of disease that is rare because this vitamin can be found in almost any kind of food the main source of biotin, among others derived from meat, egg yolks, and bananas.

In the body, biotin many roles in the body's metabolism and growth, especially in terms of the formation of fatty acids, antibodies, digestive enzymes, and niacin. When the body lacks biotin, will give rise to a variety of physiological disorders. For example, biotin deficiency often cause various health problems, such as dermatitis, depression, nusea, anemia, and hair loss. The system can be disrupted antibodies. This causes the body to become infected by bacteria and fungi. To overcome this, the patient can be given periodically yolk intake because it has a high content of biotin.



Biotin deficiency causes 
The causes is quite a lot, eat foods such as egg whites too often, can make vitamin B7 is not absorbed into the body. Egg whites are often eaten containing avidin which can bind biotin. Avidin is abundant in egg white protein. If cooking with ripe, it does not matter because avidin will be greatly reduced compared to cook half-baked.

Causes of biotin deficiency in infants because the baby does not yet have the bacteria to create biotin. So that babies tend to deficiency of vitamin B7 or biotin. It does not need antibiotics, just needs giving vitamins to infant. Meanwhile, the main cause of biotin deficiency in adults is, the lack of variety in their daily consumption of nutritious foods.

Biotin deficiency signs & symptoms

Insomnia is one of the symptoms when someone biotin deficiency. Then other symptoms characterized by purple or swollen tongue, as well as the eyes and the skin becomes dry. Other signs that can be identified, the more hair loss, lack of appetite, sores in the corners of the mouth, it can even affect your mental health (as a result of insomnia). Another symptoms that may arise are:

1. Dermatitis: Inflammation of the skin is one of the common symptoms of biotin deficiency. A common form of dermatitis that is found in people who suffer from a deficiency of biotin is seborrheic dermatitis. This disease causes flaking and itching of the scalp can cause hair loss. Children who are affected by this condition can suffer from muscle pain and hair problems. Symptoms such as thinning hair, red scaly skin and brittle nails are common signs of biotin deficiency. Appropriate biotin supplements can reduce muscle cramps in children.

2. Hyperesthesia and Paresthesia: Infants who are deficient in biotin, may suffer from a condition called hyperesthesia, which increased abnormal sensory stimulation. Paresthesia is a condition where the skin feels stabbing or tingling sensation, followed by numbness.

3. Keratoconjunctivitis: Biotin deficiency can also cause keratoconjunctivitis, which resulted in the conjunctiva of the eye. Immunity of people affected will be lowered and defects in B and T cells will occur. Deficiency in cells reduces the number of cells, and consequently, the ability to resist the invasion of harmful bacteria or viruses are substantially reduced.

4. Anorexia: Anorexia is a condition that causes a person to suffer from low appetite. Biotin deficiency in infants inhibit their physical and mental growth. Meanwhile, adults who have a deficiency of biotin can suffer from lethargy, depression, lack of sensation or excessive sensation, and hallucinations.

5. Anemia: Biotin deficiency can cause mild anemia. This condition causes the cells that carry oxygen called hemoglobin loses its ability to bind oxygen. Some of the symptoms of anemia include fatigue, loss of concentration, difficulty in breathing, heart failure, and others.

6. Irregular heart electrocardiographic activities: electrocardiographic activity refers to the heart's electrical activity, as interpreted by skin electrodes. People who have a deficiency of biotin may cause irregular electrocardiographic activity of the heart, and it can cause serious heart condition.

Biotin Deficiency Treatment
To overcome the deficiency of biotin or vitamin B7 is by consuming large doses of biotin. Recommended dose for those who lack sufficient biotin acute approximately 200 mcg per day. Then too slowly replaced with natural food sources that contain biotin. Usually this increases the need for vitamin B7 with vitamin B complex supplements. As well as reducing the consumption of egg white as a treatment step.

Biotin Daily Needs
The dose for adults, especially men, can reach 30 mcg of biotin daily. And then for teenagers aged from 14 to 18 years need less vitamin B7 than in adults, which is about 25 mcg. Then under the age of 14 years can consume vitamin B7 between 5 mcg to 20 mcg daily.

Food sources of biotin
As mentioned previously, vitamin B7 can be found in  vegetables, fruits, meat, egg yolks and so on.

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