Hidden Obesity Facts That We Should Know

Besides not good for appearance, weight is too fat too risky to invite the arrival of dangerous diseases. Do not underestimate the weight problem. In addition to support the appearance, the ideal body weight is also good for health. It is important for us to keep the weight from getting too fat, particularly for those who in the family has a history of high blood pressure / hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and have high cholesterol levels.

The increasing cases of obesity among children, will lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, muscular disorders, to respiratory disorders. However, this effect does not appear instantly in children. Diseases that appear with a decrease in body metabolism caused by obesity. However, this effect can be reduced if obesity in children under five immediately handled.

True if the fat is considered as the adequacy of the needs of nutrition, compared with someone who is too skinny. But this opinion can be wrong when fat becomes excessive, to being overweight, or commonly also called obesity. Why? Because people who suffer from obesity usually have an increased risk of developing various diseases and health problems. Here are some health problems that most often be a threat.
Heart and blood vessel disordersObesity is a major cause of heart disease and blood vessel (cardiovascular). Because, obesity causes an increase in the workload of the heart, because of the great increase a person's body, the heart must work harder to pump blood throughout the body tissues. When the ability of the heart has been exceeded, there called heart failure. The signs, the onset of shortness of breath and swelling in the legs.
Obese often have high blood pressure (hypertension) due to narrowing of blood vessels due to pinched by fat deposits. The combination of obesity and hypertension is of course made the work of the heart. The result is thickening of the heart chamber wall with a lack of oxygen. This situation will accelerate the onset of heart failure.
Impaired Lung Function.In obese, fat deposits can suppress the respiratory tract. This could lead to stop breathing during sleep (sleep apnea). Disorders like this after a long time can cause heart failure and lead to death 
Lead to diabetes and increased cholesterolObesity can lead to diabetes (diabetes mellitus). This is due to impaired insulin function in patients. Insulin is a hormone produced by the body. Functions include the sugar from the blood into body cells to be used as an energy source. As a result of malfunctioning of insulin, glucose can not enter the cells, so it stays circulating in the blood. It can be seen from the increased blood sugar levels.
Impaired insulin function, it also resulted in disorders of fat metabolism (dyslipidemia). It can be seen from the increased levels of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol), triglycerides, but with a decrease in HDL cholesterol (the good cholesterol). Increased levels of bad cholesterol accompanied by a decrease in cholesterol levels in the crust led to the formation of blood vessels (atherosclerosis). Atherosclerosis will reduce the diameter of blood vessels, leading to coronary heart disease and stroke. 
Joint disordersObesity will cause increased load on the joints of heavy buffer. For example the knee joint so long can cause inflammation of the joints (osteoarthritis). The symptoms were, among others, joint pain, followed by swelling. Joints also become rigid immovable. The worst, the patient is not able to walk anymore. 
Hormonal System DisordersObesity, it also affects the body's hormonal system. In girls, obesity causes the first period (menarkhe) came early. In adult women, obesity can cause disruption of hormonal balance (hyperandrogenism, hirsutism), and disruption of the menstrual cycle.
Hyperandrogenism means the amount of androgens (male) increases. The result is hirsutism (signs of masculinization). For example acne, the distribution of hairs on the face and body, it might even change the sound becomes heavy as a man's voice. In women, obesity also increase the risk of gallstones. This occurs because bile becomes more viscous. 
Increasing the risk of dangerous diseasesResults showed that in women who had experienced menopause, obesity increases the risk of cancer of the uterus (endometrium) and breast cancer. In men, obesity can increase the risk of prostate cancer and colon cancer (colorectal). 
Psychological disordersPeople with obesity are also often experience psychological problems such as low self-esteem, depression, and even can be isolated from social interaction. Moreover, if the surrounding environment is not supportive, but more making fun of obesity.

There are many medical reasons to ensure that the body is not too fat. Therefore, do not delay to keep the weight to stay healthy by implementing a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Find out whether your weight has begun to excess by consulting a doctor. With normal weight, the risk of disease will be decreased, and the quality of life become better.
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Knowing The Importance Of Normal Cholesterol Levels

High cholesterol levels can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and poor circulation. Knowing the levels of cholesterol in the blood is the prevention of the disease. Cholesterol is a fatty substance that is produced by many cells in the body, and about a quarter of cholesterol produced in the body is produced by liver cells. Basically, the body needs cholesterol to stay healthy.

Examination of cholesterol levels should be performed periodically in order to monitor the overall health condition. So, when should we start screening cholesterol levels? If you smoke, have excess weight, high blood pressure, diabetes and no family history of heart disease, you should start screening from the age of 20 years.

However, if you do not smoke and do not suffer from these diseases may examination beginning at age 35 years. If the results are normal, you can re-checked every 5 years. But, if you have a high cholesterol level, checks should be done more often. Moreover, if you suffer from diabetes, heart disease and kidney disorders.

There are two types of cholesterol, the good cholesterol and bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol (HDL-High Density Lipoprotein) serves to prevent atheroma or narrowing of blood vessels due to fat. While the bad cholesterol (LDL-Low Density Lipoprotein) is one of the main causes atheroma formation. In addition to good and bad cholesterol, there is another form of fat in the blood called triglycerides.

Atheroma itself is the trigger for heart disease, also known as atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. Atheroma is a fatty plaques that accumulate in the arterial walls of blood vessels. After months, even years, the plaque thickens and extends. At that moment, the blood vessels become clogged and makes the blood flow is not smooth. This condition can lead to heart attack, stroke, or other serious problems.

The cholesterol level of each person is different, depending on what is consumed. In addition, everyone can have a different cholesterol levels despite consuming the same food. In some people, high cholesterol can only be caused by genetic factors.

Before the examination of cholesterol level, you should fast for 9-12 hours in advance. Measurement of cholesterol carried by knowing how many milligrams (mg) of cholesterol contained in each deciliter (dL) of blood.

The following are normal levels for the types of cholesterol in the blood.
  • Good cholesterol: The higher the level of good cholesterol, or HDL, the better for the health. This is because HDL protects against heart disease. An HDL level of at least 60 mg / dL or more can help reduce the risk of heart disease. In contrast, HDL levels less than 40 mg / dL actually raise the risk of heart disease.

  • Bad cholesterol: Due to the nature of evil, LDL or bad cholesterol should be at a low level or tolerable body, which is less than 100 mg / dL. Number of LDL 100-129 mg / dL can be considered as the threshold of tolerance. If it exceeds the amount of bad cholesterol can cause a variety of health problems such as atheroma, heart disease, and stroke. Number of LDL 130-159 mg / dL can be said to enter the high threshold, and if the number had reached 160-189 mg / dL has entered a high level. While the number of LDL 190 mg / dL and above all, already at a very high level.

  • Triglycerides: These fats may also increase the risk of heart disease. So, the lower the level of triglycerides, it will be good for health. Total triglycerides 150-199 mg / dL can be said to be in the high threshold, and an amount of 200 mg / dL or more, including high triglyceride levels. Some people require treatment if you have high levels of triglycerides in both those levels.

  • Total cholesterol: total cholesterol is a combination of the amount of good cholesterol, bad cholesterol, and triglycerides in each deciliter of blood. Usually, by looking at the total and HDL cholesterol levels alone can describe the general conditions of your cholesterol levels. 

    However, if a total cholesterol of 200 mg / dL or more, or HDL less than 40 mg / dL, you need to perform a complete examination that includes LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Cholesterol levels less than 200 mg / dL can be tolerated. Total cholesterol levels of 200-239 mg / dL has entered the high threshold. If you reach 240 mg / dL or more, including high cholesterol levels.

List of food to keep cholesterol levels

To maintain normal cholesterol levels, avoid foods that contain trans fats. These fats can be found in fried foods, margarine and snacks such as biscuits. Here are some foods that you can take to lower cholesterol levels in the blood.
  • Fish such as sardines, mackerel, salmon and tuna, are rich in omega 3 which is good for the heart.

  • Oatmeal is rich in soluble fiber that can lower bad cholesterol levels. Within a day, you need at least 5-10 grams of soluble fiber. One half cup of oatmeal that has been cooked contains about 6 grams of fiber. You can add fruit on the oatmeal to enrich the flavor.

  • Nuts such as almonds, pistachios, hazelnuts, and others can reduce the risk of heart disease. You can replace fatty foods like cheese and meat with beans.

  • Olive oil contains antioxidants that can lower bad cholesterol levels. Use two tablespoons of olive oil a day to a salad or dish.

Keeping the intake of nutritious foods in order to limit the levels of bad cholesterol is good, but a step to living a healthy lifestyle is also equally important. Begin to quit-old bad habits, such as smoking and consuming alcohol. Instead, start familiarize yourself to exercise regularly.
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Why Tomato Juice Is Good For Us?

Tomato contains abundant water, and has a delicious flavor when made as a juice. In addition to delicious, tomato juice also contains a series of benefits. Tomatoes have a low calorie level, which is only 10 kcal per fruit. It certainly makes you do not have to worry when enjoying the fresh tomato juice, even though every day.

Various scientific literature mentions, in tomato contained a substance called lycopene. This natural substance is actually to be found not only in tomatoes, but a fruit or vegetable that has a yellowish red color. Tomato itself has long been considered as the fruit is effective in helping to prevent prostate cancer. Because the fruit was named foreign Lyporsicon this esculentum, contained 45 902 mg of lycopene per 100 gram serving (read complete tomato nutrition post).

Evidence of the benefits of lycopene had ever revealed in research published by the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The study included 130 prostate cancer patients who were given foods that are high in lycopene. As a result, the respondents had a reduced risk of prostate cancer cells by 82 percent. Lycopene is also found in papaya fruit and salmon.

Why tomato juice is good for body?
What needs to be noted is, eat tomatoes that have been processed, is better than eating it raw. Lycopene from tomatoes that have been processed or are already in the juice form, turned out to be more easily digested by the body than lycopene derived from raw tomatoes.

Processing tomatoes helps release of lycopene from cells in the tomato. Lycopene is itself a kind of fat soluble. Even if they are not used as juice, cook the tomatoes with oil will help release the lycopene from cells. Always pay attention not to add excessive sugar or salt when cooking tomatoes.

What are the benefits of tomato juice?

Basically everyone can take advantage of tomato juice, remember each person in need of antioxidants. Here are some benefits of tomato juice for health.
  1. Good for diabetics: Tomatoes are included in the types of vegetables that have low carbs which is about 5-10 grams of carbohydrate in a half cup of tomato cooked or 1 cup raw tomatoes.

  2. Lowering Cholesterol: Tomato juice is thought to be able to reduce bad cholesterol by 10 percent. The requirement simply by taking 25 milligrams of lycopene per day. However, because these studies are still relatively new, the results still require further research.

  3. Minimizing the risk of prostate cancer: Tomato Consumption 10 servings or more a week, supposedly able to cut the risk of prostate cancer by 18 percent. This is expected because lycopene is an antioxidant that protects cells from damage. If you want to eat the tomato juice as directed, make sure also to live a healthy lifestyle, such as regular exercise and stop smoking.

  4. Lowering blood pressure: Benefits of tomatoes on blood pressure, believed to be felt after eating tomatoes regularly, at least for eight weeks. But this still needs to be further investigated. If you suffer from hypertension, there is no harm in eating tomatoes regularly. But do not replace your anti-hypertensive drugs with tomatoes.

  5. Lowers the risk of heart attack: Efficacy was recently shown in mice. Mice that were given lycopene blood pressure better, and have fewer damaged tissue after a heart attack. Unfortunately, studies involving humans have not been conducted. For studies involving humans, lycopene is believed to increase the life expectancy of patients with heart failure. However, like any other disease, required stronger scientific evidence on this subject.

  6. Reducing the risk of stroke: A study in Finland says that eating lycopene from tomatoes is strongly associated with a reduced risk of stroke by 65 percent.

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Congestive Heart Failure Main Common Symptoms & Treatment

What is Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)?
Congestive heart failure, or more commonly called heart failure is a condition when the heart muscle becomes very weak, so it can not pump enough blood around the body at the right pressure. Heart failure can cause the heart rate of patients being faster or even irregular. This disease can also make the blood supply to the kidneys become less, resulting in the accumulation of fluid in the body of the sufferer. Heart failure is also an end stage of any cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, myocardial infarction, heart valve abnormalities, and congenital abnormalities.

Heart failure is a medical emergency that if left untreated will lead to death within minutes. The main first treatment for heart failure is cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Heart failure can be acute, such as after a heart attack or can also occur gradually. Heart failure can be indicated by the presence of short breathing, difficulty to fall flat, built without breath at night, swollen feet, and frequent urination at night. Many causes of heart failure, often due to a heart attack, high blood pressure or any problem on the heart valves. 

Diagnosis is based on symptoms above, examination of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, liver swelling and leg swelling (edema). Other tests to make sure the diagnosis is an X-ray of the lungs (no liquid or not), echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart) and blood tests. Heart failure can only be solved with a heart transplant, which included rare. Most people with heart failure need drugs urination (diuretic) and other drugs such as ACE inhibitors, and statins. Several other heart failure patients need a pacemaker so that the heart work better, but the pacemaker has to be tuned periodically (usually 6 months).

Heart failure symptoms

Based on the time span of the development of symptoms, heart failure is divided into two, namely chronic and acute. In chronic heart failure, symptoms develop gradually and old. While in acute heart failure, symptoms develop quickly. Someone who develop acute heart failure should receive treatment in hospital. The main symptoms of heart failure are:
  1. Easily tired: People who have heart failure generally complain tired. In the case of early stage heart failure, the fatigue that occurs is still minimal. But as more severe state of heart failure patients, the complaint fatigue also will be heavier. Generally patients complain of tired just by doing everyday activities that should not be exhausting. Even in the late stages of heart failure, the patient can not perform daily physical activity.

  2. Breathlessness: Shortness of breath is also a common symptom in heart failure patients. As was mentioned above that in patients with heart failure there is a failure in pumping blood. This will lead to an accumulation in the heart and will eventually turn into pulmonary blood flow. This is what will cause shortness of breath in patients. Patients become easily tired and complained of tightness, particularly if you're on the move.

  3. Rather sleep in a high position or with more than one pillow: Patients with heart failure, preferring to sleep with two or three pillows head. If the patient bed with a pillow or back, shortness of breath more often arise. Patients of heart problems are much easier to breathe if the sleeping position elevated pillow support the body with a half-sitting position. If so, it is time to conduct periodic checks of your heart condition with your doctor more regularly.

  4. Swelling in some parts of the body: The body with a heart disorder condition is generally followed by a state of decreased ability to pump blood. In some cases, blood pumping often have failed. As a result of the failure of pumping blood, the blood circulation disrupted, then that will happen is a buildup of fluid in the various parts of the body, such as in the legs and abdomen. This condition will cause the patient to experience swelling seen in some parts of the body. If it is so, then it is time to conduct a medical examination of the heart, or you can do a general check-up.

  5. Limp: In patients with heart failure, blood flow to various parts of the body is not optimal. This will cause a variety of complaints such as patients feel weak, and body parts such as hands felt cold. If you have a complaint described above, you may not necessarily suffer from heart failure. To be sure, the diagnosis required a complete examination on yourself. If you feel there are similarities of symptoms described in this article with which you experience, try to consult a doctor for further examination.

Diagnosis of Congestive Heart Failure

In diagnosing heart failure, first the doctor will ask the patient perceived symptoms and medical history. For example, if a patient has a history of high blood pressure, diabetes, chest pain, heart valve damage, or coronary heart disease. The doctor will also ask whether the patient is a smoker, often consume alcohol, or are taking certain medications.

After the information obtained, then the doctor will usually perform a physical examination, one is to listen to the patient's heartbeat. If a patient suspected of suffering from heart failure, a number of tests to be recommended, including:
  • Blood tests: Through a blood test, the doctor can tell if there is a problem in thyroid function and kidney patients, as well as indications of other diseases that may affect the heart, such as diabetes or anemia. Additionally, through a blood test, the doctor can also determine the levels of chemicals in the body associated with heart conditions. These chemicals are called natriuretic peptide. If the heart is burdened, then this organ will natriuretic peptide release into the blood. The higher levels of these substances, then it means worsening heart health.

  • Echocardiogram: This is one of the important tests performed in the diagnosis of heart failure. Echocardiogram done using ultrasound waves to detect the performance of cardiac function and if there is damage to the heart, for example, a problem with the valve.

  • Exercise stress test: This test was conducted to determine how well the heart functions when the body strenuous activity. In the stress tests, the patient's heartbeat will be improved, for example with drugs that are injected or sports equipment. Through the test pressure, the doctor can determine whether the patient's body may respond well when the heart back downhill or whether patients with coronary artery disease. Test pressure is usually combined with an echocardiogram so the doctor can see the state of the heart during the test.

  • Breath test: If a patient experiences shortness of breath, these tests may be conducted. Patients will be asked to inhale and exhale into a special tube. Later from these tests can be known whether the patient has problems in his lungs as a symptom of heart failure.

  • X-ray examination: In patients with heart failure, they enlarged heart size and buildup of fluid in the lungs. X-rays through the situation can be seen.

Heart failure treatment

Heart failure is a dangerous health problem that can threaten the lives of sufferers. In fact, this disease can lead to sudden death. Therefore, patients with heart failure should receive appropriate treatment. Most people with heart failure should take the medicine in the long term or even lifetime so that the symptoms can be controlled. Several other patients who have severe symptoms and even had to be fitted with braces heart, surgery, or even a heart transplant in order to survive.

Treatment of heart failure aims to:
  • Relieves symptoms of heart failure.
  • Help your heart stronger.
  • Allows the patient, can have a longer life normally.
  • Lowers the risk of heart attack and death.
Several types of surgery for heart failure:
  1. Bypass surgery or angioplasty: This surgery is done to address heart failure caused by coronary heart disease, a condition when a clogged heart arteries. Through bypass surgery, blood can flow back through the heart smoothly so as to prevent a heart attack, and cure angina. In some cases, bypass surgery may improve heart muscle function.

  2. Heart valve surgery: If the heart failure is caused by damage to the heart valve, then this surgery can be performed. There are two types of heart valve surgery, which is surgery to repair valves and surgery to replace the valve.

  3. Heart transplant surgery: This surgery is done if the treatment of heart failure with drugs, as well as other surgery do not show good results. Through the transplant surgery, a heart patient who has been removed and replaced with the heart obtained from a donor. But this procedure is not easy, given the difficulty of finding a donor heart as well as compatibility with the patient.

Here are some tools that can be attached to patients with heart failure:
  1. Heart pumping tool: This tool is installed by physicians to help patients with severe heart failure in order to stay alive, both for those who can no longer be treated by any manner or for those who are waiting for a donor heart. This mechanical device is mounted on the heart to make the organ is still beating.

  2. Cardic resynchronization therapy (CRT): CRT also known as biventricular cardiac trigger. This tool can help heart failure patients who have problems with the electrical system in the heart, so that the organ is becoming weaker. CRT sends electrical impulses to the left ventricle and the right to be able to pump efficiently.

  3. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD): The function of this device like a pacemaker. Devices connected to the heart through a blood vessel will continue to monitor the heartbeat. If the heart rate down, or even stop, the ICD will send a signal that shock the heart back to normal beating.

  4. CRT-D: This device is a combination of Cardic resynchronization therapy (CRT) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).
To prevent heart failure, it is advisable to consume nutritious foods, and contains lots of fiber, such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fish, and meat. Avoid foods that contain saturated fats, such as offal, lamb, shellfish, egg yolks, and shrimp. In addition, limit your intake of sugar, salt, and alcohol. If you have high levels of blood pressure and high cholesterol, immediately do a routine check. Both of these conditions can increase the risk of heart failure.

Heart failure can be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight at the limit, and to do the weight loss if needed. Do activities or sports that you can create a healthy heart, such as cycling or walking, at least two and a half hours per week. Stop smoking if you are a smoker. If you are a nonsmoker, then stay away from cigarette smoke in order not to become passive smokers.
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Egg White Nutrition & Myriad Benefits For Health

During this time, the egg gets a negative reputation as one of the foods that provide cholesterol and high fat. When in fact we should not be too scared of this delicious food. Therefore, we only need to set aside yolk and enjoy the egg whites to give the body a healthy nutrition. In chicken eggs, about two-thirds of its contents is a clear liquid substance that we call the egg whites. Benefits of the egg white is very possible for so many people, especially if this part is rich in various compounds that nourish.

Approximately 92 percent of the total content of the egg white is water. The remaining 8 percent is a mixture of proteins, minerals, fats, vitamins, and glucose. Surprisingly, the protein in the egg white has a content of about 148 species that are all different. Additionally, another advantage which is owned by the egg whites are almost without fat and carbohydrate content is very low, at less than 1 percent.

Here are a list of some egg whites nutrition:

No cholesterol
Mayo Clinic revealed that the eggs had very high cholesterol. Even on an egg-sized, cholesterol content can meet the needs of our daily cholesterol. Total cholesterol is in the egg is 213 mg, and everything there is in the yolk.

So that only we need to do is pull out the yolk. Because under normal circumstances, the needs of our cholesterol is 300 mg daily. When we consume the yolk, plus other cholesterol foods, this is what will lead to various diseases because of total cholesterol into the body is too high. While those of us who suffer from diabetes or cardiovascular disease, the amount of cholesterol that we should consume is 200 mg per day.

High protein
Mayo Clinic also mentioned, the egg white is one of the foods that its protein content is very high after the chicken, fish, and lean meats. Half of the contents of the egg is a protein, which when weighed value reaches 6 grams. But these nutrients will be eliminated if we fry an egg. The eggs are cooked by frying, will only increase the levels of cholesterol in eggs.

How many calories in egg whites?
One diet that can realize our desire to have a flat stomach is to enjoy the egg white. Because the value of calories in egg whites is 71 calories, plus added the high protein content will make us feel full longer. So do not be too afraid to eat eggs. We just need to choose which parts of eggs that can be enjoyed more. Thus, the eggs can be friendly food for the heart and our waistlines.

Some of the potential egg whites benefits

Inside an egg, egg whites existence is to protect the egg yolks while providing additional nutrients. The last function will be used for the growth of the embryo if fertilized. Here is a function of white eggs that are beneficial to humans.
  • Has the potential to lower blood pressureBenefits egg whites are still in the research phase is potential in lowering blood pressure. The study found that one of the compounds found in egg white has the same effectiveness in lowering blood pressure. These benefits are similar to the effects of blood pressure lowering drugs.

  • The material has the potential to lower blood pressure is a peptide compound named RVPSL. In the previous studies, RVPSL expressed as a substance capable of blocking the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme (angiotensin converting enzyme / ACE). This enzyme is an enzyme produced by the body and can improve blood pressure. However, the present invention is merely the application to mice and still require further evidence to determine the same potential for humans.

  • Intake for muscle growthThe protein content is one of the virtues of the efficacy of egg white for the body. This makes sense considering the intake of protein is an important component in building the body. For athletes and anyone who undergo regular strength training, the intake of protein and carbohydrates are quite indispensable for the growth and repair of body muscles. The amount of protein and carbohydrates of course depend on the activities undertaken.

  • Clean your faceEgg whites benefits can also be applied to beauty, such as the face. The egg whites combined with lemon and honey can be used as a mask that effectively reduce the possibility of acne or blackheads on the face. For the skin, egg white has potential as a custodian and fasteners. In addition, the egg whites are also potentially help tighten pores.

Another egg whites benefits that may be less well known is, as one of the constituents of vaccines, such as influenza vaccine. Despite its myriad benefits, not everyone is advised to eat egg whites. Especially children aged under five particular likely to be allergic to eggs (read at eggs allergy post), especially the white part of this. Besides may cause allergic reactions, there are also some people who experience intolerance egg white.