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How To Eat Apple To Get Maximum Benefits Of Apple

Apples, do contain many nutrients and is very beneficial for our health. Apples are rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, fiber, vitamin C, vitamin B complex, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, pectin, Ursolic acid, and other beneficial nutrients. Eaten straight, made juice, or used as a fruit salad, we can still get the benefits of apples to health. However, many people who do not heed that apple skin is shiny, turned out to contain wax. And it is from the skin of the apple itself, which is useful to protect the water content which is plentiful in apples. Without wax, the fruit and vegetables will lose moisture, and the moisture content will be kept out of the pores of the skin of apples so that over time the fruit becomes mushy and dry. After harvesting, the apples are washed and cleaned by brushing to get rid of all the dirt on the skin, which of course this process will eliminate the natural wax coating.

To maintain the freshness of the apple, the apple packers will definitely do the polishing wax again. However, it is not wax polishing wax or other types of vehicles. Candles used was commercial grade food grade wax or wax. Where about half a kilogram of wax can be used to polish up around 160,000 pieces or approximately 2 drops of candle is enough to coat one apple.



Wax coating on fruits and vegetables has been conducted since 1920. Where the material of the candle is made instead of a chemical process instead of natural materials such as Carnauba Wax, Brazil Palm leaves, Candellia Wax, a kind of plant Euphorbia, Shellac type of food grade is made from a kind beetle in India and Pakistan.

In America, the wax material must be certified's security (for consumption) by a specialized agency of consumption that is FDA (Food and Drug Administration). Commercial wax is not easily removed, because it remains attached after the fruit is cleaned, but if desired can be cleaned by being rubbed with a brush.

Why apples should be washed before eating

Beneath the skin looks clean, there is the possibility of contamination with pathogenic bacteria and pesticide residues. Bacteria have a micro size, making it invisible to the eye. A professor of the Department of Family and Consumer Sciences (named Sandria Godwin, PhD, RD, LDN) at Tennessee State University said that if eating apples with the skin we have to wash the apples. This is because we never know how the distribution of apples from the farm to the consumer. According to him, there is some potential for contamination of pathogens or microorganisms that are harmful to health during the trip of fruits for sale.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 9 million people sick each year due to consumption of contaminated foods, including vegetables and fruits. For people with a poor immune system, eating contaminated fruit could invite disease. Bacterial pathogens to watch out for, such as E. coli, salmonella, listeria and norovirus. Humans infected with these pathogens develop diarrhea, fever, kidney failure, and urinary tract infections.

Another reason why apples should be washed before eating is because apples are included in the most contaminated fruit pesticide. The nonprofit group Environmental Working Group, put the apples into the top of the list of fruits and vegetables most contaminated with pesticides. Pesticides linked to a number of health problems, especially developmental disorders in children. In addition, pesticides are also feared to be carcinogenic and disrupt the hormonal systems in the body.

Nevertheless, the fear of contamination of pesticides in fruits and vegetables do not limit you to consume healthy foods. Additionally, fiber and vitamins in this fruit, making the benefits of apples is still more than the bad effects of pesticides. If you are very concerned with the content of pesticides, always wash apples before eating. You can also buy organic apples, although the price is relatively expensive.
Health Fame Fruits,Healthy Foods

Vitamin B2 Benefits

Vitamin B2 is one of the B vitamins are water soluble, so it can not be stored by the body. These vitamins have many functions and benefits, including, produce red blood cells, helping growth and so forth. Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin is a nutrient that has little component that is easily absorbed by the body. Vitamin B2 can be obtained from various sources of food, such as fruit, vegetables and nuts. In general, the consumption of vitamin B2 daily dose recommended is 1.1 mg for women and 1.3 mg for men. If you have vitamin b2 deficiency, can lead to several health problems.

Riboflavin is needed during growth and to keep the body healthy. This vitamin helps the body break down carbohydrates, protein, and fat to produce energy, and allow oxygen to be used by the body. Dr. Sherry Ross, (women's health expert at Providence Saint John's Health Center, Santa Monica, California) said that, riboflavin is also used to maintain the growth and function of the skin, the lining of the digestive tract, blood cells, and other vital organs.


Vitamin B2 benefits for human health

As an antioxidant
Free radicals is closely related to the air. Usually when we inhale too much dirty air in the air or air pollution, then that is what is called free radicals. When the body is exposed to a lot of free radicals, it can easily be damaged body tissues and cells in the body. For that reason, vitamin B2 is able to counteract free radicals. Vitamin B2 be an antioxidant which prevents someone from heart disease and cancer at a relatively young age. Of course also maintain the vitality of fitness for those who are elderly. Since the main function of vitamin B2 is generating energy, replacing damaged tissue, and maintain healthy skin from free radical attack.

Help the formation of energy
The main function of vitamin B2 is breaking carbohydrates, protein, and fat into energy. Therefore, if the need for vitamin B2 are not met, then the body will lack energy. As fat piled and piled protein and carbohydrate is not processed into energy would just make the person obese. This usually occurs in growing children. Many people say that healthy children have a pretty good body weight. In fact not the case, because of being overweight, and lack of vitamin B2 to make themselves difficult to move with the maximum. Even adults, if you want to lose weight, it is better to take vitamin B2 and exercise in order to get maximum results.

Preventing migraine
Migraines can attack the head of the left, or right. Usually, when we had a meal and going nausea, or fullness after eating a meal or last a long time, then migraine also occurs. Can also occur when a headache because of the food eaten was less vitamin B2. For example, too much fat and carbohydrates, so that the process for the breakdown of carbohydrates and fats into energy does not occur. To deal with migraines on your head, can consume vitamin B2 supplements at a dose of 400 mcg.

As an anti Carcinogens
Carcinogens are substances that get into the body that can lead to cancer. Pembawan carcinogens into the body of which is pewanget on food (modern), as well as drinks. In addition, other chemicals that go through other products can also cause carcinogens. Like seasoning, chili instant, instant sauce, soy sauce, syrup, and many more chemicals are carcinogens. For that reason, vitamin B2 can make it as anti-carcinogens, as well as antioxidants.

Mencegah anemia
Anemia is more common in female patients. Anemia is a decrease in red blood cell levels, which can only be checked in laboratory tests. When a person develops anemia, the circulation of oxygen in their bodies were carried through the blood becomes impaired. When the circulation of oxygen is interrupted, the body will quickly limp, tired, lethargic and not powered. The symptoms are also marked with a pale face in which a healthy blood circulation is not smooth. Causes of anemia are so many, especially iron deficiency, vitamin B2 and also bleeding. For women who experience menstrual period, more often exposed to anemia if not balanced by consuming food sources that contain iron and vitamin B2.

Down Syndrome Symptoms, Causes & Prevention

Down syndrome is the most common genetic disorder that causes the differences in learning abilities and specific physical characteristics. Until now, experts do not know the exact cause of Down syndrome. Down Syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality on chromosome 21 where an increase in the number of chromosomes. Down syndrome can not be cured, but with the support and maximum attention, children with down syndrome can grow happily. 

As one of the most common genetic disorder, Down syndrome have certain characteristics and symptoms, which makes it very easy to recognize. Although not all people with Down syndrome have the same characteristics and symptoms, but the characteristics and symptoms of Down syndrome are so common that sufferers have nearly the same physical characteristics. Data from the World Health Organization estimates, the number of people with Down syndrome is 1 in 1,000 live births in the world. Each year, it is estimated there are at least 3,000 to 5,000 babies are born with this chromosomal abnormality.



Down syndrome symptoms & characteristics

Symptoms of down syndrome in children is to have several physical characteristics that are similar, but they are not exactly the same because there are hereditary factors of parents and their families. Children with Down syndrome need guidance like a normal kid, or even more. Their development in various aspects takes time, and they would have taken it gradually, according to their abilities.

As quoted from mayoclinic, about 4% of children with down syndrome have two copies of the full and 1 partial copy of chromosome 21, which is attached simultaneously on different chromosomes, called translocation down syndrome. Translocation down syndrome is the only type of down syndrome, which can be derived from one of the parents. However, only one third of cases of Down syndrome tranlokasi inherited from either parent.

Chance of a baby being born with Down syndrome, can be detected by screening and antenatal testing. As for diagnosis, this step can be performed when the fetus is still in the womb or through a blood test after the baby is born.

There are some physical characteristics similar to children with Down syndrome, but the characteristics of parents and the family also play a role in their physical appearance. Physical characteristics of people with Down syndrome, the most common are as follows:

  • Eyes slanted upward and outward.
  • The weight and length at birth below average.
  • Reduced muscle tension as hypotonia.
  • Palms have only one crease.
  • Small nose and flat nasal bone.
  • Small head and flat on the back.
  • Tongue protruding out.
  • Ear shape is not normal or small.
  • Excessive muscle tone.
  • White spots on the cornea.
  • The distance between the first and second toes quite extensive.
  • Small mouth.
  • Width hands with short fingers.
  • Short stature.
  • Short neck.

The cause of down syndrome

Normally, each people's cell have 46 chromosomes inherited, which was respectively 23 chromosomes from the father and mother. Chromosome is a collection of DNA and contains detailed instructions genetic factors that affect broad, such as eye color, sex of the baby, and the progress of each cell of the body. Someone potential to have Down syndrome, if the chromosomes derived reached 47. The development of the body and the brain's performance would change if there is an extra chromosome. People with Down syndrome, all or some of the cells in their body have 47 chromosomes because there is an extra copy of chromosome 21. This extra genetic material causes physical characteristics and growth associated with Down syndrome.

Factors which obviously increases the risk of having a baby with Down syndrome is the age of the mother during pregnancy. Women who are pregnant at the age of 20 years have a risk of 1 to 1,500. If the pregnancy was delayed 10 years, the risk increased and became one appeal 800. And if 10 years delayed again so pregnant at age 40, the risk is 1 in 100. However, this does not close the possibility of a higher risk for all stages of pregnancy.

Women over 35 years old have a higher risk of having children with Down syndrome conditions, especially if the sperm obtained are of men aged 40 years and older. Women who have had a child with Down syndrome are also more at risk of having a baby with this condition in subsequent pregnancies.

In addition to risk factors of age, there are other factors that can increase the risk of having a baby with Down syndrome, among whom are descended. Although rare, the type of translocation Down syndrome can be passed down from parent to child. Gender carrier translocation Down syndrome affects the chance of inheriting this condition in children.

Prevention efforts of down syndrome

To avoid the possibility of down syndrome, then pregnant women need to prepare themselves physically and psychologically in order to take care of the fetus and the baby later happily. There are some prevention efforts so that the baby is not affected by Down syndrome that can be done by pregnant women:

  1. Check-up with a partner before marriage, to determine the health and tendencies of each.
  2. Trying to get pregnant at that age is not too young (under 20 years) and not too old (over 35 years).
  3. Check trimester of pregnancy on a regular basis since the beginning, and work with an ultrasound examination.
  4. Maintain a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy, before and after childbirth. Healthy lifestyle among which are, looking for a healthy environment, away from air pollution, smoking cessation, regular exercise, and cultivate themselves always happy and away from stress.
  5. Maintain a healthy diet, nutritional needs and nutritional balance. Avoid foods that contain dyes, flavorings, and chemical preservatives. Moreover, women also need to increase the intensity of the meal and vitamins, for her health and the baby.


Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that causes mental retardation in children. This disorder usually appears since the mother's womb. Early detection of Down syndrome can be performed in pregnant women with a blood test and amniotic fluid called antenatal tests.



These Common Mistakes May Lead To Insomnia, Prevent With These Tips

Lomonosov Moscow State University conducted research, about a psychological disorder that causes people to have trouble sleeping to 33 youths. They were promised to be given some money, with the condition that they should be fast asleep. The researchers found the results, raising the amount of money actually makes the study participants more difficult to sleep. Thus, shortening the total time of sleep and reduce their overall sleep quality.

Robert Rosenberg, DO, (the medical director of the Sleep Disorders Center at Arizona) said, psycho-physiological insomnia is a real problem that affects about 15% of all patients with chronic insomnia. Many people have negative associations toward bedtime and their bedrooms (read insomnia symptoms post). This can lead to frustration, psycho-physiological insomnia is caused by anxiety due to chronic inability to fall or stay asleep. Anxiety is increasingly made patient can not sleep.



If you feel you are experiencing psycho-physiological insomnia, there are some steps you can do to help bring sleepiness. Dr. Rosenberg suggests, you have to eliminate the negative thoughts and replace them with positive affirmations. 

For example, you always think that if within 30 minutes you have not slept, then all your activities will be broken tomorrow. It is the mind that is negative, it is recommended to be replaced with positive thoughts. For example, I've never had problems sleeping before, and can handle it, now surely I can too. In addition, do not go into the bedroom before you really sleepy, even if this means you have to delay bedtime.

You could also try a way to consume snacks that contain complex carbohydrates with tryptophan, which can help bring sleepiness. Do not also constantly watching the clock, as this can increase the levels of anxiety and makes you more difficult to fall asleep.

Simple tips to prevent insomnia

Insomnia in the long term, can cause serious health problems if left unchecked. Before you overcome insomnia with sleeping pills, you can try some of these tips to prevent insomnia:

Avoid exercise before bed: Regular exercise is recommended. However, do not exercise before bedtime. If you often have difficulty sleeping, there should be no sports at 4 hours before bedtime. Many people think that exercise can go straight to bed. In fact, it could be restless and can not get to sleep.

Fix diet before bed: Generally, it is known if the bedtime should avoid drinking coffee or tea because it contains caffeine. In addition to making it difficult to sleep, the drink can also stimulate the stomach so uncomfortable. Avoid hard foods processed, smoked, and akohol before bed. It is advisable to consume fruits and vegetables that do not stimulate the stomach

Wear comfortable clothes: Clothes also help a person sleep better. Wear comfy clothes, for example, are made from soft, not hot, loose, or too tight. Comfortable clothes help a person more easily initiate sleep while already lying on the mattress.

Positive Thinking: Mind it can affect the quality of one's sleep. Do not stress or thinking to have trouble sleeping. Prayer and meditation before bed can make the mind relaxed so that sleep comes more easily. If you think you can not sleep, you will be hard to sleep. The more imposing sleep, the more difficult to sleep. If for an hour already lying down, but not yet asleep, preferably out of the room first. If you're feeling sleepy again, or tired, then back to the the bedroom.

Create a comfortable room: Make the bedroom comfortable as possible. Should not be too many items in the room. Additionally, use the room just to sleep and activity of husband and wife. Do not use the room to work, or watching TV. It is ok to read a book with content that is not heavy, or can also listen to music that is slow and make relax.

New Cod Fish Oil Benefits Facts Research

Fish oil can be obtained by eating fish, either directly or in the form of supplements. Benefits of fish oil derived from omega-3 essential fatty acids necessary for health, but is not produced naturally by the body. There are two types of omega-3 fatty acids contained in fish oil, called docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Some fish oil sources such as, tuna, salmon, sardines, and mackerel. In every 100 grams of these fish contains more less 1 gram of omega-3 fatty acids.



The most popular fish oil source is derived from cod fish. Cod is known as a source of fish oil because of its large size, so that the oil contains more than other types of fish oil. The benefits of cod liver oil, has been used since hundreds of years ago. When the deep-sea fish oil are known by the poor in northern England, Scotland, Ireland, Northern Europe, Iceland, and New Foundland. There are various studies that reveal the efficacy of fish oil, including the following recent benefits of fish oil facts:

1. Maintaining healthy teeth and gums
Fish oil, was not only useful for the child's intelligence. Research from Japan shows that fish oil is also beneficial to oral health. In a study published in the journal Nutrition, revealed volunteers who consumed fish oil for five years, was rarely have problems with teeth and gums. Researchers from Japan found a low intake of essential fatty acids omega-3 (EFA) and docosahexaenoic acid increases the chances of progression of periodontal disease.

2. Reduce the desire to eat junk food
Of the 185 studies that have been done, it proves fish oil supplements can minimize the effects of junk food on the brain. This fact is obtained after a team of researchers from the University of Liverpool analyzed studies conducted around the world, to determine evidence of omega-3 fatty acids supplement  benefits

A recent study published in the British Journal of Nutrition indicates that, the habit of eating junk food may hinder the process called neurogenesis, or the formation of new nerve cells. Meanwhile, the habit of eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids can prevent the negative effects by stimulating the area of the brain that controls eating, learning, and memory. The research team concluded that fish oil does not have a direct effect on the process in the area of the brain. However, fish oil has an important role in reducing the ability of carbohydrates or sugar and saturated fat to inhibit the brain control the desire to eat.

3. Improving the ability of children to read
A study at the University of Oxford, England, involving 362 children aged 7-9 years, revealed the benefits of omega-3 on the child's ability to read. These respondents were given fish oil supplements as a source of omega-3 a dose of 600 mg for 16 weeks. That amount was not significant for the overall sample. Nevertheless, after regularly consuming food sources of omega-3, reading ability of children who initially low and then increased in three weeks compared with children who received a placebo or supplements have no active ingredient.

Too much fish oil

Though rich with a variety of benefits, but the consumption of fish oil in high doses it is likely to harm the health, because it raises the following risks:

  • Increase the risk of bleeding when taking more than 3 grams of fish oil per day.
  • Increased levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or "bad" cholesterol.
  • Triggering disorder of blood sugar levels.
  • In patients with heart transplant, omega-3 fatty acids can affect heart rate.
  • Some fish such as mackerel and albacore tuna, are at risk contain mercury toxic although not necessarily also contained in fish oil.
  • Eating too much fish oil can increase the risk of stroke.
  • Fish oil in high doses can decrease the quality of the immune system that causes the body vulnerable to infection. These conditions are more at risk occurs in patients undergoing organ transplants and the elderly.
  • Can cause heartburn, nausea, rashes, nosebleeds, and liquid stools.

Fish oil likely to be safe for most people, including pregnant and nursing women, especially when taken in low doses. But considering the condition and health history of each person is different, then you should consult the consumption of fish oil prior to the doctor to avoid unwanted risks.

In addition, fish oil is recommended to be consumed in its original form than in supplement form. Nutritional supplements as much as anything, is not comparable with the content of nutrients in fish flesh directly, which contain omega-3 fatty acids. If you do not eat fish or seafood, you can get omega-3s from canola oil, chia seeds, and soy oil.